Research

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Sobering Centers

Jarvis, S., Kincaid, L., Weltge, A., Lee, M., & Basinger, S. (2019). Public Intoxication: Sobering Centers as an Alternative to Incarceration,Houston, 2010-2017. Am J Public Health, 109: 597-599. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2018.304907 https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2018.304907

Scheuter, C., Rochlin, D., Lee, C-M, Mlstein, A., & Kaplan, R. (2019) Cost Impact of sobering centers on national health care spending in the United States. TBM 2019-XX:XX-XX. doi:10.1093/tbm/ibz075 https://academic.oup.com/tbm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/tbm/ibz075/5497397

Smith-Bernardin, S., Carrico, A., Max, W. & Chapman, S. (2017). Utilization of a Sobering Center for Acute Alcohol Intoxication. Academic Emergency Medicine, published online May 2017. doi: 10.1111/acem.13219 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/acem.13219

Warren, O., Smith-Bernardin, S., Jamieson K, Zaller N, Liferidge A. (2016) Identification and Practice Patterns of Sobering Centers in the United States. J Healthc Poor Underserved, 27(3). https://muse.jhu.edu/article/634632/summary

Brewster-Liddle, J., Parsons, W., & Moore, S. M. (2013). Setting up an alcohol treatment centre. Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association, 21(6), 14–18. doi:10.7748/en2013.10.21.6.14.s17 https://journals.rcni.com/doi/abs/10.7748/en2013.10.21.6.14.s17

Smith-Bernardin, S., & Schneidermann, M. (2012). Safe sobering: San Francisco’s approach to chronic public inebriation. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 23(3 Suppl), 265–270. doi:10.1353/hpu.2012.0144 http://muse.jhu.edu/article/482145

Emergency Medical Services/ Triage to Sobering Centers

Smith-Bernardin, S., Kennel, M., & Yeh, C. (2019). EMS Can Safely Transport Intoxicated Patients to a Sobering Center as an Alternate Destination. Ann Emerg Med 2019:X:107. doi: doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2019.02.00 https://europepmc.org/abstract/med/30926186

Ross, D. W., Schullek, J. R., & Homan, M. B. (2013). EMS Triage and Transport of Intoxicated Individuals to a Detoxification Facility Instead of an Emergency Department. Ann Emerg Med, 61(2), 175–184. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.09.004       https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0196064412015090

Cornwall, A. H., Zaller, N., Warren, O., Williams, K., Karlsen-Ayala, N., & Zink, B. (2012). A pilot study of emergency medical technicians“ field assessment of intoxicated patients” need for ED care. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 30(7), 1224–1228. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2011.06.004 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0735675711002737?via%3Dihub

Flower, K., Post, A., Sussman, J., Tangherlini, N., Mendelson, J., & Pletcher, M. J. (2011). Validation of triage criteria for deciding which apparently inebriated persons require emergency department care. Emergency Medicine Journal : EMJ, 28(7), 579–584. doi:10.1136/emj.2009.089763 https://emj.bmj.com/content/28/7/579

Ross, D. W. (2013). Ross: Correction to measures of ethanol concentration. Ann Emerg Med, 61(4), 479. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2013.02.024 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0196064413002023?via%3Dihub

Swain, A. H., Weaver, A., Gray, A. J., Bailey, M., & Palmer, S. G. (2013). Ambulance triage and treatment zones at major rugby events in Wellington, New Zealand: a sobering experience. The New Zealand Medical Journal, 126(1372), 12–24. http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal/read-the-journal/all-issues/2010-2019/2013/vol-126-no-1372/article-swain

Intoxication within the Emergency Medical System

Dunford, J., Castillo, E. M., Chan, T. C., Vilke, G. M., Jenson, P., & Lindsay, S. P. (2006). Impact of the San Diego Serial Inebriate Program on use of emergency medical resources. Ann Emerg Med, 47(4), 328–336. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2005.11.017 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0196064405019578?via%3Dihub

Greene, J. (2007). Serial inebriate programs: what to do about homeless alcoholics in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med, 49(6), 791–793. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2007.04.011 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S019606440700488X?via%3Dihub

Holzer, B et al. (2013). Patient Characteristics and Patterns of Intoxication: One time and repeated use of emergency ambulance services. J. Stud. Alcohol Drugs, 74, 484-489. https://www.jsad.com/doi/full/10.15288/jsad.2013.74.484

Warren, O. (2016). Intoxicated, Homeless, and In Need Of A Place to Land. Health Affairs, 35(11): 2138-2141. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2016.0888 https://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/full/10.1377/hlthaff.2016.0888

Other Recommended

Kertesz, S., Baggett, T., O’Connell, J., Buck, D., & Kushel, M. (2016). Permanent Supportive Housing for Homeless People – Reframing the Debate. N Engl J Med 375: 2115-2117. DOI:10.1056/NEJMp1608326. https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1608326